Author Guidelines

Authors are highly advised to download the Author Guidelines to prepare their manuscript according to the Journal's specifications to ensure smooth submission process. Authors are reminded to avoid plagiarism and adhere to the code of ethics of this journal.


Please read this section carefully to avoid any violation of the submission process. Papers that are prepared accordingly with minimal errors and conform to the format and style will likely to ensure efficient communication and fast track of publication. If required, the ḤALĀL REVIEWS Editorial Office will return the manuscript to the Authors for scientific and editorial correction in which will delay the publication time. Please use the template provided as a guide in manuscript preparation. The Editor reserves the right to make literacy corrections and to make suggestions to improve brevity. Charges may apply depending on the quality and preparation of the manuscript. Hence, authors are reminded to proof-read their manuscript before submitting their manuscript for the final review to the Editorial Office.

Manuscript File Type
Prepare your manuscript in a SINGLE file following the arrangement of the sections: Title Page Information; Manuscript (Text); Figures and/or Tables. ḤALĀL REVIEWS only accepts Microsoft Word (MS Word) type of file format. Refrain from submitting your manuscript as a PDF file.

The Language used is English, either UK or US. Do not have a mixture of both languages. Manuscripts must be written in clear and comprehensible English in the correct format. Authors whose native language is not English are strongly advised to have their manuscript proof read or checked by an English-speaking colleague prior to submission. Please note that multiple language errors detected will render the manuscript to be rejected.

Title Page Information
Title – Concise and informative. Please write in Sentence case
Author names, Affiliations and ORCID – All accredited authors’ names must be correctly spelled, written as the published author name in a single line. Names are to be written in the format of last name first, followed by the first and middle names initials. i.e. New, C.Y.  Present the authors’ affiliation addresses accordingly below the names of the authors. Provide full postal address without any abbreviations. Indicate all affiliations with number superscripts, placed in front of the last name and the similar number superscript must be indicated in front of the addresses. Provide each respective authors their ORCID. 
Corresponding author – The corresponding author must be clearly indicated with an asterisk (*) in front of the author’s name. Provide only the email address of the corresponding author, written after the affiliations’ address, indicated.

Manuscript Style
Double-spaced, typed using 11-point Calibri with a margin of 1 inch on all four sides. Provide continuous line numbers in the manuscript.
Headings of the sections are to be bold and appear on its own separate line. Subheadings/subsections should be given a brief heading, italicize and appear on its own separate line. Authors are advised to minimize subsections.

The manuscript (research article) should include:
Abstract – Executive summary of the manuscript which includes the specific aims, brief description of method, main results and conclusions in a single paragraph. No references should be included in the abstract. Non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Keywords – A minimum of 3 and a maximum of only 6 words allowed indicating the essentials of the research work. Separate each keyword with a comma (,) in a single line.
Introduction – A brief introduction to the study and issues.

Literature Review - Literature review and previous relevant work with references. Include the objectives of the research work at the last paragraph clearly.
Methods – Precise methods should be described to ensure reproducibility. Published or known methods should be cited correctly and if, there are any modifications, it should be noted.
Results – Clear and concise. Presentation of results with tables and figures may improve its clarity. Avoid presenting repetition results in writing and in the form of tables and figures.
Discussion – Explains the significance, impact and consequences of the results. Results and discussion may be combined or separated.
Conclusion – It is not mandatory. However, if discussion is too long, authors are advised to provide a conclusion to sum up of results interpretation with suggested recommendations. Avoid repetition of the points made in the preceding sections.

Conflict of Interest – Disclose any potential conflict of interest appropriately.
Acknowledgement – Indicate any source of funding or other contributors to the work in a single paragraph and kept at the minimum.

Citation in text
All references in the text must be listed in the references section with the names of authors, arranged alphabetically. It is the duty of the author to ensure all references cited to be listed, COMPLETE and ACCURATE without ANY LOSS of information required by the Journal. Please ensure all references cited within the text must also be present in the reference list (and vice versa). This journal follows APA 6th referencing style.